I normally desist from the archaic practice of listing things within meaningless political delineations but a need to locate information on bird (and near-bird) fossils and ichnotaxa from the Indian region led me to the discovery that there are no readily available reviews. This is a rather rough working list of taxa and sources. Additions are welcome.
- Struthio asiaticus A. Milne-Edwards [Siwaliks] (bones, egg-shells from a wider range)
- Dromaeus sivalensis Lydekker [Siwaliks]
- Leptoptilos falconeri (=Argala falconeri) A. Milne-Edwards [Siwaliks]
- Megascelornis sivalensis Lydekker [Siwaliks]
- Pelicanus cautleyi Davies [Siwaliks]
- Vastanavis eocaena Mayr et al., 2007 [Vastan, Gujarat]
- V. cambayensis Mayr et al., 2010 [Vastan, Gujarat]
- Strigidae [Narmada] Patnaik, R & A. Sahni (1994)
- Egg clutch [Lameta, MH] Mohabey D.M.; S.G. Udhoji; K.K. Verma (1993)
In going through an article by Badam (2005) I came across reproductions of a couple of rock drawings from Kathotia and Firengi south of Bhopal. These have apparently been attributed with some doubt to ostriches by paleographers. The illustration from Firengi is pretty poor for a match with an ostrich and on the other hand is a very good match to a Lesser Florican particularly in the fluffy neck and the two plumes exaggerated on the back. I agree with the authors about the inaccuracy in the detail of feet.
|A 30,000 year old rock illustration reproduced from Badam (2005).|
The bird on the right is a good match for a Lesser Florican.
|An old illustration of Lesser Florican (Sypheotides indicus)|
PS: 10 Dec 2014 - new paper by - Blinkhorn, J.; Hema Achyuthan; Michael D. Petraglia (2015) Ostrich expansion into India during the Late Pleistocene: Implications for continental dispersal corridors. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 417:80–90.
|Late Pleistocene ostrich egg shell records (Blinkhorn et al. 2015)|
- Andrews, C. W. (1911). Notes on some fragments of fossil egg shell of a large struthious bird from southern Algeria, with some remarks on some pieces of egg shell of an ostrich from northern India. In H. Schalow (ed.), Verhandlungen des 5. Internationalen Ornithologen-Kongresses, Berlin 1910, p. 173. Berlin.
- Badam, GL (2005) A note on the ostrich in India since the Miocene. Man and Environment 30(2):97-104.
- Bednarik, R. G. (1993) About Palaeolithic ostrich eggshell in India. Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association Bulletin 13:34-43.
- Bidwell, E (1910). Remarks on some fragments of egg shell of a fossil ostrich from India. Ibis 9(4):759-761.
- Davies, W. (1880). On some fossil bird-remains from the Siwalik Hills in the British Museum. The Geological Magazine, New Series, Decade II, 7: 18-27.
- Kumar, G., G. Narvare and R.K. Pancholi. (1988). Engraved ostrich eggshell objects: new evidence of Upper Palaeolithic art in India, Rock Art Research 5: 43-53.
- Mayr, G; Rajendra S; A. Sahni; K. Kumar; L. Singh & T. Smith (2010). Quercypsitta-like birds from the early Eocene of India (Aves, ?Psittaciformes). Journal of Vertebreate Paleontology. 30(2):467-478.
- Mayr, G., Rana, R. S., Sahni, A., & Smith, T. (2007). Oldest fossil avian remains from the Indian subcontinental plate. Current Science, 92(9), 1266-1269.
- Mohabey, D.M. (1989). Avian egg shells from Pleistocene Kachchh. Journal of the Geological Society of India 33:477-481.
- Mohabey D.M.; S.G. Udhoji; K.K. Verma (1993) Palaeontological and sedimentological observations on nonmarine Lameta Formation (Upper Cretaceous) of Maharashtra, India: their palaeoecological and palaeoenvironmental significance. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 105(1-2):83–94.
- Neumayer, E. (1990). A Note on ostriches in India. Man and Environment, 15(1): 25 - 28.
- Lydekker, R. (1884-1886). Indian Tertiary and Post-Tertiary Vertebrata. Vol. III, part 4. Siwalik Birds. Palaeontologia Indica, Calcutta, ser. X, 3: 135-147.
- Lydekker, R. (1890). Note on some fossil Indian bird bones. Rec. Geol. Surv. India 23:235–236.
- Patnaik, R & A. Sahni (1994). Record of a bird humerus from Upper Pleistocene Narmada valley sediments. Journal of the Paleontological Society of India 39:77-79.
- Sahni, A., Kumar, G., Bajpai, Sunil and Srinivasan, S. (1990). A Review of Late Pleistocene Ostriches ( Struthio sp.) in India. Man and Environment, 15(1): 41-47.